Although the Persian art of carpet weaving dates back thousands of years ago, knotting techniques, materials, dyes and motives remain relatively unchanged, according to the book of Essie Sakai Persian rugs and carpets. However, Persia changed hands and limits through its long history, and was officially renamed Iran in 1935. Not all oriental rugs are Persian; carpets surrounding regions, including Turkey, Pakistan and Afghanistan, are made with different techniques, using different materials and often incorporate different topics.
It can be said that the medallion is the classic Persian rugs repeated and in the broader repertoire of designs of oriental rugs, according to the article by T. Reza Ahmadi symbolism in Persian. The medallions can be centered or repeated across the carpet, and can have almost any shape, including diamonds, hexagons, octagons, rhomboids, triangles, stars and squares. Ahmadi indicates that it is believed that the medallions are based on the lotus flower, which is considered sacred because it is rooted in the mud and gives her flowers into the sky. The framework is another common design scheme. Its appearance has an effect of tiles, where the fabric itself acts as the “slurry” or design structure that joins.